Flemington

New Brunswick

Quick Facts

Administrative Entity

Hunterdon County

Time Zone

America/Halifax

Founding

April 26, 1910

Elevation

50.0 meters

Area

2790000.0 square kilometers

FIPS 55-3 Code

3423700

GNIS IDs

876384

US National Archive Codes

10041283

Coordinates Latitude: 46.090209 Longitude: -67.560269

About

Overview

Flemington is a borough in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,581, reflecting an increase of 381 (+9.1%) from the 4,200 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 153 (+3.8%) from the 4,047 counted in the 1990 Census. It is the county seat of Hunterdon County. Most of the borough is in the Amwell Valley (a low-lying area of the Newark Basin), but northwest portions of the borough sit on the Hunterdon Plateau. Flemington is an independent municipality completely surrounded by Raritan Township and is located near the geographic center of the township.

History

Before European settlement, the land that comprises Flemington, as was all of Hunterdon County, was the territory of the Lenni Lenape Native Americans. In 1712, as part of a land parcel of 9,170 acres (37.1 km2), the Flemington area was acquired by William Penn and Daniel Coxe.
The surrounding fertile farmland dictated that the beginnings of Flemington were agricultural. Early German and English settlers engaged in industries dependent on farm products. As time passed poultry and dairy farms superseded crops in agricultural importance. An example of early settlement families was Johann David and Anna Maria Ephland, who emigrated in 1709 from Germany through London to New York and settled on his 147.5-acre (0.597 km2) farm in 1717. They raised their seven children, and two from his previous marriage, on the farm that now makes up the core of Flemington.
In 1785, Flemington was chosen as the County Seat of Hunterdon. Fire destroyed the old courthouse in 1826 and the City of Lambertville made an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to have the seat relocated there. Flemington remained the County Seat and the Courthouse which stands today on Main Street was built.
What is now Flemington was originally formed as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 14, 1870, within portions of Raritan Township. It became a village as of June 11, 1894, still within Raritan Township. Flemington was finally incorporated as an independent borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1910, based on the results of a referendum held on April 26, 1910, and was formally separated from Raritan Township. The borough's incorporation was confirmed on April 27, 1931. the borough was named for Samuel Fleming.In 1856, the Hunterdon County Agricultural society purchased 40 acres (16 ha) of land that would accommodate the people, exhibits and livestock for the County (Flemington) Fair. The purpose of this Fair was to promote competition between farmers, stock raisers and machinery manufacturers. The fair was held every year at the Flemington Fairgrounds which also was the site of Flemington Fair Speedway (later Flemington Raceway). From 1992 through 1995, the speedway hosted the Race of Champions, a race for modified racers. The speedway hosted a NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series race from 1995 to 1998. In 2003, the County Fair adopted a new name, The Hunterdon County 4-H and Agricultural Fair, and moved to the South County Park in East Amwell Township.
On February 13, 1935, a jury in Flemington found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby boy.





Historic landmarks

By 1980, 65% of Flemington borough had been included on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and is now on the National Register of Historic Places as the Flemington Historic District.

Union Hotel - Early 19th century hotel in downtown Flemington that served as a restaurant until its 2008 closure. The current structure dates to 1877, built on the site of what had been a stagecoach stop that dates to 1814.
Hunterdon County Courthouse - Historic court house where the Lindbergh Trial took place. Now used for County offices.
Fleming Castle / Samuel Fleming House - First house in Flemington, 5 Bonnell Street. Purchased by the Borough of Flemington in 2005 and operated as a historical museum by the Friends of Fleming Castle.



Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.077 square miles (2.790 km2), all of which was land.Flemington is completely surrounded by Raritan Township, making it part one of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another.

Climate

Demographics

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,581 people, 1,815 households, and 996.435 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,252.2 per square mile (1,641.8/km2). There were 1,926 housing units at an average density of 1,787.8 per square mile (690.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 78.48% (3,595) White, 3.93% (180) Black or African American, 0.31% (14) Native American, 5.81% (266) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 8.71% (399) from other races, and 2.75% (126) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.15% (1,198) of the population.There were 1,815 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.20.In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 106.9 males.The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,261 (with a margin of error of +/- $15,065) and the median family income was $66,042 (+/- $12,761). Males had a median income of $45,934 (+/- $5,574) versus $47,917 (+/- $11,616) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,407 (+/- $3,648). About 14.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,202 people, 1,804 households, and 997 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,927.4 people per square mile (1,515.5/km2). There were 1,876 housing units at an average density of 1,754.2 per square mile (676.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 89.71% White, 1.19% African American, 0.31% Native American, 3.12% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 3.14% from other races, and 2.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.98% of the population.There were 1,804 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 3.00.In the borough the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.The median income for a household in the borough was $39,886, and the median income for a family was $51,582. Males had a median income of $38,594 versus $31,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,769. About 5.0% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

Flemington is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Flemington, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.As of 2018, the Mayor of Flemington Borough is Republican Phil Greiner, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Members of the Flemington Borough Council are Council President Brooke Warden (R, 2018), Council Vice President Marc Hain (R, 2018), Betsy Driver (D, 2020), John Gorman (R, 2019), Michael Harris (I, 2020) and Susan Peterson (R, 2019).Betsy Driver, elected into office in November 2017, has described herself as "only the second person in the world who is open about their intersex status to be elected to public office."In March 2016, the Borough Council selected Alan Brewer from three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the vacant seat expiring in December 2017 that became vacant when Carla Tabussi resigned from office. In the November 2016 general election, Kimberly A. Tilly was elected unopposed to serve the balance of the unexpired term.

Police

The borough's police department operates under Chief of police Jerry Rotella, with one sergeant, one corporal, two detectives, 10 patrolmen and a parking enforcement officer. The department offers a Police Explorer program composed of 20 youth participants.

Federal, state and county representation

Flemington is located in the 7th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Flemington had been in the 23rd state legislative district.For the 116th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, Rocky Hill). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 16th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Branchburg) and in the General Assembly by Andrew Zwicker (D, South Brunswick) and Roy Freiman (D, Hillsborough Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director. As of 2015, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are
Freeholder Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),
Freeholder Deputy Director Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),
J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),
John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016) and
Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2017). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are
County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),
Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016) and
Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).









Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,037 registered voters in Flemington, of which 521 (25.6%) were registered as Democrats, 633 (31.1%) were registered as Republicans and 880 (43.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.4% of the vote (732 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 47.5% (689 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (31 votes), among the 1,467 ballots cast by the borough's 2,157 registered voters (15 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 68.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 49.9% of the vote (794 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 47.1% (750 votes) and other candidates with 2.1% (34 votes), among the 1,591 ballots cast by the borough's 2,118 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 50.0% of the vote (761 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 49.9% (760 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (25 votes), among the 1,523 ballots cast by the borough's 1,966 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.5.In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.1% of the vote (656 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 29.3% (282 votes), and other candidates with 2.6% (25 votes), among the 994 ballots cast by the borough's 2,117 registered voters (31 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.6% of the vote (601 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 32.2% (354 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.2% (112 votes) and other candidates with 1.8% (20 votes), among the 1,101 ballots cast by the borough's 2,032 registered voters, yielding a 54.2% turnout.

Education

Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Flemington-Raritan Regional School District, which also serves children from the neighboring community of Raritan Township. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its six schools had an enrollment of 5,045 students and 322.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.6:1. The district consists of four K - 4 elementary schools, one intermediate school for grades 5 and 6 and a middle school for grades 7 and 8. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are
Barley Sheaf School (grades K-4; 353 students; located in Flemington),
Copper Hill School (PreK-4; 507; Ringoes),
Francis A. Desmares School (K-4; 474; Flemington),
Robert Hunter School (K-4; 383; Flemington),
Reading-Fleming Intermediate School (5-6; 782; Flemington) and
J. P. Case Middle School (7-8; 840; Flemington).Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Hunterdon Central Regional High School, part of the Hunterdon Central Regional High School District, which serves students in central Hunterdon County from Flemington and from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Raritan Township and Readington Township. As of the 2014-15 school year, the school had an enrollment of 3,043 students and 236.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.9:1.High school students from Flemington, and from all of Hunterdon County, are eligible to attend Hunterdon County Polytech Career Academy, a county-wide vocational school that offers career and technical education at two campuses in Raritan Township, New Jersey.







Mediatech Foundation

Flemington is the home of the Mediatech Foundation, an experimental community technology center located in the second floor of the Flemington Free Public Library, on Main Street. Mediatech is designed to provide free public access to all forms of digital media. Video games can be checked out just like library books.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 13.85 miles (22.29 km) of roadways, of which 12.09 miles (19.46 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.17 miles (0.27 km) by Hunterdon County and 1.59 miles (2.56 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.

Flemington Circle is the largest of three traffic circles in the environs of Flemington and sits just to the southeast of Flemington's historic downtown. U.S. Route 202 and New Jersey Route 31 approach the circle separately from the north and continue south concurrently, and the circle is the eastern terminus of Route 12. It is one of only a handful of New Jersey's once-widespread traffic circles still extant according to its original design. The circle sees significant congestion on weekends because of the new developments and big-box retailers. Unlike most circles, traffic on US 202 does not yield on entry; US 202, being a main four-lane divided highway, gets the right of way.One other traffic circle exists on Route 12 at Mine Street west of the Flemington Circle; Route 12 traffic has the right of way in it. The intersection of Route 12 and Main Street west of the Flemington Circle was converted to a roundabout in 2009.

Public transportation

Trans-Bridge Lines provides frequent daily bus service, west to Doylestown / Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and east to Newark Liberty International Airport, the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and John F. Kennedy International Airport. Local routes are provided by Hunterdon County's "Flemington Shuffle" bus service, as well the Cross County Service, which offers demand-response service to all municipalities in Hunterdon County.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Flemington include:

Aruna (born 1981), electronic music vocalist.
Brad Benson (born 1955), offensive lineman who played for the New York Giants.
John T. Bird (1829–1911), represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district from 1869 to 1873.
Samuel L. Bodine (1900–1958), President of the New Jersey Senate and chairman of the New Jersey Republican State Committee, who served as mayor of Flemington from 1928 to 1936.
Jason Cabinda (born 1996), linebacker for the Oakland Raiders.
Marjorie Hulsizer Copher (1892-1935), dietitian who served in World War I, born in Flemington
Jack Cust (born 1979), professional baseball designated hitter and outfielder.
Arthur Fauset (1899–1983), civil rights activist, folklorist, and educator.
Danny Federici (1950–2008), organ and keyboard player for the E Street Band.
Arthur F. Foran (1882–1961), President of the New Jersey Senate.
Dick Foran (1910–1979), a B-movie actor who appeared in several films, most notably with the comedy team of Abbott & Costello.
Walter E. Foran (1919–1986), member of the New Jersey General Assembly and New Jersey Senate.
John A. Hanna (1762–1805), U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania.
John Patterson Bryan Maxwell (1804–1845), U.S. Representative from New Jersey, 1837–39, 1841-43.
Barbara McClintock (born 1955), children's book author and illustrator.
Kathryn Minner (1892–1969), character actress best known as The Little Old Lady from Pasadena in a series of television commercials for Dodge which aired in Southern California from 1964 to 1969.
Charlie Morton (born 1983), Major League Baseball pitcher who has played for the Atlanta Braves and Pittsburgh Pirates.
William E. Purcell (1856–1928), United States Senator from North Dakota.
Richard Rubin (born 1983), television personality who appeared on the first season of Beauty and the Geek.
Brian Snyder (born 1958), MLB pitcher who played for the Seattle Mariners and Oakland Athletics.
Brian White (born 1996), footballer who plays as a forward for the New York Red Bulls in Major League Soccer.





















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Online Resources

References