FIPS 55-3 Code
Coordinates Latitude: 59.0619444 Longitude: -160.3763889
Demographics & Economic Data
Togiak is the successor village of two earlier Inuit villages, Togiagamute (Togiagamiut) & Togiak Station (also known as Togiak or Owens). The prior two villages were on the eastern side of Togiak Bay. By the early 20th century, heavy winter snowfalls made wood gathering difficult, so residents began to relocate to the west side of the bay to the new village of Togiak, which first appeared on the 1920 census. The earlier village of Togiagamute is now within the adjacent Twin Hills CDP, and the old site is still occupied. Togiak Station, about 7 miles south of the former Togiagamute, is now a ghost.
The Togiak area became a draw for natives in the vicinity after the devastating influenza pandemic of 1918-19, which had almost wiped out many villages. Togiak was flooded in 1964, which prompted some residents to relocate and establish the new community of Twin Hills, northeast of the original village of Togiagamute on the upper east side of the bay.
Togiak is located at 59°3′33″N 160°22′59″W (59.059134, -160.383186), at the head of Togiak Bay, 67 miles (108 km) west of Dillingham. It lies in Togiak National Wildlife Refuge, and is the gateway to Walrus Island Game Sanctuary. Togiak is in a climatic transition zone; however, the Arctic climate also affects the region. Average summer temperatures range from 37 to 66 °F (3 to 19 °C); winter temperatures range from −45 to 30 °F (−43 to −1 °C).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 226.3 square miles (586.0 km2), of which 44.4 square miles (115.0 km2) is land and 181.8 square miles (470.9 km2), or 80.37%, is water.
The present city of Togiak first appeared on the 1920 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village. The earlier settlements of Togiagamute (1880 pop. 276; 1890: 94) and Togiak Station (1880: 24; 1890: 14), were on the east side of the bay and not within present city limits. On the 1940 census, the area of "Togiak Bay" was reported separately, featuring 46 residents. These may or may not have been residents within or adjacent to Togiak, which would account for the drastic population drop from 1930's 71 to just 10 in 1940. "Togiak Bay" was not reported again. The village formally incorporated in 1969.
As of the census of 2000, there were 809 people, 202 households, and 164 families residing in the city. The population density was 17.9 people per square mile (6.9/km²). There were 221 housing units at an average density of 4.9 per square mile (1.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 6.92% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 86.28% Native American, 0.25% from other races, and 6.43% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 202 households out of which 56.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.8% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.00 and the average family size was 4.50.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 42.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 15.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,977, and the median income for a family was $28,500. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $34,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,676. About 32.5% of families and 29.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.9% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
The Togiak School of the Southwest Region School District serves the village.