FIPS 55-3 Code
Coordinates Latitude: 70.2556453 Longitude: -148.3384293
Demographics & Economic Data
Prudhoe Bay is located at 70°19′32″N 148°42′41″W.According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 558.0 square miles (1,445 km2) of which, 416.3 square miles (1,078 km2) of it is land and 141.8 square miles (367 km2) of it is water. The total area is 25.40% water.
Prudhoe Bay, along with similar communities on the North shore of Alaska, features a Tundra climate (Köppen ET). Winters are long, very cold and due to its location above the Arctic Circle, some weeks in winter feature days with a never rising sun. Summers, while bringing long daylight hours (even 24 hour days during some weeks), are still cold with temperatures just above freezing.
Prudhoe Bay first appeared on the 1970 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,174 people residing in the CDP. The racial makeup of the CDP was 83.0% White, 1.9% Black, 7.5% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from some other race and 1.6% from two or more races. 4.0% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Prudhoe Bay oil field
Prudhoe Bay is adjacent to the largest oil field in the United States.
Prudhoe Bay is classified as an isolated town/Sub-Regional Center. It is found in EMS Region 6A in the North Slope Region. Emergency Services have limited highway, coastal, and airport access. Emergency service is provided by a paid Emergency Medical Services unit and Fairweather Deadhorse Medical Clinic. Auxiliary health care is provided by oil company medical staff and the Greater Prudhoe Bay Fire Dept. Individuals requiring hospital care are usually transported to the nearest hospital/medical center, Sammuel Simmonds Memorial Hospital, in Utqiaġvik, Alaska. Because no roads connect Prudhoe Bay to Utqiaġvik, individuals are transported by helicopter or air ambulance (an approximately 45 minute flight).